List of specifications
LNP/BP stands for "Bitcoin Protocol / Lightning Network Protocol". This set of specifications covers standards & best practices for Layer 2, 3 solutions (and above) in cases when they do not require soft- or hard-forks on the Bitcoin blockchain level and are not directly related to issues covered in Lightning Network RFCs (BOLTs).
Basically, LNP/BPs cover everything that can be anchored to Bitcoin transactions, defines primitives for L2+ solution design and describes complex use cases which can be built from some primitives. This allows such solutions as financial assets, storage, messaging, computing and different forms of secondary markets leveraging Bitcoin security model and Bitcoin as a method of payment/medium of exchange.
Criteria for a LNP/BP specification proposal:
  • Should not be covered by existing or proposed BIPs
  • Should not cause soft- or hard-fork in Bitcoin blockchain (but may depend on soft-forks from an existing BIP proposals)
  • Should not distort Bitcoin miner's economic incentives
  • Should not pollute Bitcoin blockchain with unnecessary non-transaction related data or have to maintain such pollution as low as possible
  • Must not require a utility or security tokens to function (but may enable creation of digital assets or tokenized physical goods)
  • Must not depend on non-bitcoin blockchains (but may be applicable to other blockchains)

List of current LNP/BP proposals

No
Vertical
Title
Authors
Type
Status
1
Bitcoin protocol
Key tweaking: collision-resistant elliptic curve-based commitments
Maxim Orlovsky et al
Standard
Proposal
2
Bitcoin protocol
Deterministic embedding of cryptographic commitments into bitcoin transaction output
Maxim Orlovsky et al
Standard
Proposal
3
Bitcoin protocol
Deterministic definition of transaction output containing cryptographic commitment
Giacomo Zucco et al
Standard
Proposal
4
Cryptographic primitives
Multi-message commitment scheme with zero-knowledge provable unique properties
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Proposal
5
Bitcoin protocol
Universal short Bitcoin identifiers for blocks, transactions and their inputs & outputs
Christian Decker, MAxim Orlovsky
Standard
Proposal
6
Bitcoin protocol
Deterministic bitcoin commitments
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Draft
7
Consensus layer
Strict encoding
Peter Todd, Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Planned
8
Cryptographic primitives
Single-use-seals
Peter Todd, Maxim Orlovsky
Informational
Draft
9
Consensus layer
Client-side validation
Peter Todd, Maxim Orlovsky
Informational
Draft
10
Bitcoin protocol
Bitcoin transaction output-based single-use-seals
Maxim Orlovsky et al
Standard
Proposal
11
Smart contracts
RGB: Client-validated confidential smart contracts using bitcoin transaction graphs for Bitcoin and Lightning Network
Maxim Orlovsky et al
Informational
Proposal
12
Consensus layer
RGB Schema: client-side validation rules for RGB smart contracts
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Planned
13
Consensus layer
RGB client-side verification and data serialization
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Planned
14
Smart contracts
Bech32 encoding for client-validated data
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Planned
15
Internet2
Handshake and encryption in network communications based on Noise_XK (BOLT-8 extract)
Multiple peers
Standard
Proposal
16
Internet2
LNPBP-15 handshake over WebSockets
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Planned
17
Internet2
Microservice interprocess communications
Maxim Orlovsky
Informational
Planned
18
Lightning network protocol
Native message framing protocol (BOLT-8 extract)
Multiple peers
Standard
Planned
19
Internet2
ZMQ-based RPC and ESB protocols for microservices
Multiple peers
Standard
Planned
20
Smart contracts
RGB fungible assets schema (RGB-20)
Multiple peers
Standard
Final
21
Smart contracts
RGB schema for NFTs representing ownership rights (RGB-21)
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Proposal
22
Smart contracts
RGB reputation and identity schema (RGB-22)
Maxim Orlovsky, Sabina Sachtachtinskagia
Standard
Draft
23
Smart contracts
RGB verifiable-unique history log for auditable data (RGB-23)
Maxim Orlovsky, Giacomo Zucco
Standard
Planned
24
Smart contracts
RGB-24 schema for decentralized global name system (DGNS)
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Planned
30
Smart contracts
RGB-wrapped native blockchain assets schema (RGB-30)
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Planned
25-29, 31
Reserved
For the future use by RGB schemata
32
Bitcoin
BIP-32 derivation path extension for read-only wallets
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Draft
33
Lightning network protocol
Lightspeed: micro-payments for Lightning Network
Maxim Orlovsky
Draft
34
Cryptographic primitives
Zero-knowledge arguments for data persistence using probabilistic checkable proofs
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Draft
35
Lightning network protocol
Bifrost: LN message extensions for RGB data propagation
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Planned
36
Internet2
Recommendations for API design
Maxim Orlovsky
Informational
Draft
37
Smart contracts
Invoicing formats for RGB-20 fungible assets schema
Alekos Filini
Standard
Rejected
38
Smart contracts
Universal LNP/BP invoices supporting Bitcoin, LN & RGB
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Draft
39
Bitcoin protocol
Bitcoin transaction output-based single-use-seals with sign-to-contract commitments
Maxim Orlovsky et al
Standard
Planned
40
Smart contracts
Storm: trustless storage with escrow contracts
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Draft
41
Lightning network protocol
Lightning network message extensions for Storm
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Planned
42
Internet2
Uniform encoding for internet2 addresses
Maxim Orlovsky
Draft
43
Bitcoin protocol
RGB-enabled BIP43 purpose field & identity system
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Draft
44
Bitcoin protocol
Script templating: BIP-32 & LNPBP-43 key derivations within for non-miniscript-compatible Bitcoin scripts
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Draft
45
Lightning network protocol
Lightning network message extensions for decentralized exchange functionality
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Planned
46-48
Reserved
For the future use by lightning network protocol extensions
49
Lightning network protocol
Synchronized multi-hop state updates via delegation in Lightning network
Maxim Orlovsky, Christian Decker
Standard
Planned
50
Lightning network protocol
Bifrost: generalized Lightning network protocol core
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Planned
51
Lightning network protocol
Bifrost: channel management protocol
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Draft
52-56
Reserved
For the future use by lightning network protocol extensions
57
Lightning network protocol
Decentralized naming & name resolution system
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Planned
58
Cryptographic primitives
Apophis: distributed elliptic curve-based key creation with shared secrets
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Draft
59
Bitcoin protocol
Typhon: trustless Bitcoin sidechains
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Draft
60
Game theory
Ibiss: incentive-based interactive anonymous settlement scheme for computation integrity arguments
Maxim Orlovsky, Sabina Sachtachtinskagia
Informational
Draft
61
Game theory
Toth: incentive-based interactive settlement scheme for computation integrity arguments with reputation
Maxim Orlovsky, Sabina Sachtachtinskagia
Informational
Draft
62
Smart contracts
Prometheus: trustless multiparty computing with escrow & arbitration using Ibiss protocol on bitcoin blockchain
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Draft
63
Smart contracts
Prometheus+: trustless multiparty computing with escrow & arbitration using Ibiss2 protocol over LN with tokenized RGB reputation
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Planned
64-79
Reserved
For the future use by lightning network protocol extensions
80
Cryptographic primitives
Merkle mountain ranges
Peter Todd
Standard
Final
81
Cryptographic primitives
Tagged merkle trees for client-side-validation
Maxim Orlovsky, Peter Todd
Standard
Draft
82
Bitcoin protocol
OpenTimestamps bitcoin transaction commitments
Peter Todd
Standard
Final
83
Smart contracts
OpenTimestamps proof construction & verification
Peter Todd
Standard
Final
83
Smart contracts
OpenTimestamps proof serialization
Peter Todd
Standard
Final
84
Smart contracts
OpenTimestamps calendar and attestation services
Peter Todd
Standard
Final
85
Bitcoin protocol
Strict encoding of Bitcoin-related data types
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Planned
86
Smart contracts
AluVM: virtual machine for client-side-validation
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Draft
87
Smart contracts
AluVM extended instructions for handling RGB state validation
Maxim Orlovsky
Standard
Planned
88-91
Reserved
For the future use by AluVM-specific standards
[92]
Bitcoin protocol
Deterministic embedding of cryptographic commitments into transaction input
Maxim Orlovsky et al
Standard
Planned
100
Bitcoin protocol
Scalable & confidential single-use-seal commitment layer 1
Standard
Brainstorming

Invited or planned proposals to join LNP/BP standards family

  1. 1.
    Discreet log contracts: deterministic transaction structure, embedding into lightning network, wire protocols
  2. 3.
    Generalized lightning network standartisation and related eltoo and PTLC proposals

Verticals for LNP/BP proposals:

Name
Description
Examples
Cryptographic primitives
Basic cryptographic functions
Commitment schemes, zero knownledge
Consensus layer
Standards critical for consensus in distributed systems
Data encoding, validation rules
Internet2
Standards for end-to-end encrypted censorship-resistant networking communications (Internet2)
Network encryption and data serialization; virtual machines for distrubited systems
Bitcoin protocol
Changes at the level of bitcoin protocol
Commitments in bitcoin transactions, single-use-seals applications to bitcoin, layer 1 enhancements
Lightning network protocol
Changes to lighting-network related standards and state channel mechanics
New types of state channels, new lightning network message types, changes in channel transaction structure
Smart contracts
Distributed smart contract execution environment
Bitcoin scripts, scriptless scripts, RGB
Game theory
Game-theoretical setups for trustless protocols
Incentive schemes with bitcoin transactions & RGB smart contracts
Last modified 14d ago